Iritis is inflammation of the iris and ciliary body. It is part of the uveitis.
Uveitis are divided into front and rear (iridocicliti respectively the first, the second chorioretinitis). The uveitis may have multiple origins: infectious, traumatic, autoimmune, idipoatiche. They can be single or in combination with other systemic diseases (Crohn's disease, Sjogren's syndrome, for example). They can also be acute and chronic.
The symptoms of anterior uveitis include: eye pain, burning, photophobia, loss of visual acuity. Ocular signs include: miosis, tyndall anterior chamber, corneal precipitates on the endothelium. The rear have clouding of the vitreous and retinal inflammatory exudates.
The etiology and treatment is cortisone, local and systemic.
This disorder causes the entry of white blood cells from the blood vessels of the inflamed area and proteins from the vessels of the iris in the aqueous humor between the iris and the cornea. If the cell count is high, they may fixate on the back of the cornea or come to form sediments within all'umor vapor. Dell'irite the cause is not known, but the disorder may sometimes be accompanied with a series of other diseases including, for example, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. Can be affected both eyes.
What are the symptoms?
There is a feeling of discomfort of the eye. that becomes flushed. This is accompanied by a slight reduction of vision. If the eye is an increase in pressure, the condition can become painful, although in most cases the symptoms are mild.
How common is the problem?
The iritis is a disease not often. Each year, only about 1 person in 2000 he went to the doctor because of this disorder. It affects people of all ages, but is especially common among young adults. What are the risks? If treated early, Pyrite is usually not a serious problem. However, if you do not consult a doctor, it is possible the development of complications. In the aqueous humor can accumulate such a large number of white blood cells to occlude the opening through which there is fluid drainage and induce a form of glaucoma. This complication can also develop if the rear inflamed iris is welded to the front of the lens, for which the aqueous humor is trapped behind the iris. A persistent iritis can lead to cataracts
What to do?
At any sign of redness. discomfort and partial loss of vision in one eye, even if minor, consult your doctor. If you are diagnosed with a trite, before treatment is started before it stops the development of the disease, and the more easily you will avoid any complications.
What is the treatment?
Are administered steroid drops or eye ointments to reduce inflammation; in more severe cases, a steroidal drug can be injected between the conjunctiva and sclera after local anesthesia. Will be administered also drops to enlarge the pupil and iris inflamed prevent adhesion to the front of the lens. Each growth of intraocular pressure is controlled with the use of tablets. Even if treated early, A Iritis may recur, but typically the disorder resolves completely.